Archive for April, 2012

Lightroom 4.1 RC2 Now Available on Adobe Labs

Lightroom 4.1 is now available as Release Candidate 2 on Adobe Labs.   The ‘release candidate’ label indicates that this update is well tested but would benefit from additional community testing before it is distributed automatically to all of our customers.  The final release of Lightroom 4.1 may have additional corrections or camera support.

Bugs Corrected in Lightroom 4.1 Release Candidates

The following bugs that were part the Lightroom 4 releases have been corrected. The team appreciates the very detailed feedback the community has provided on Lightroom 4 and we’re excited to correct a number of issues experienced by our customers. These issues have been FIXED:

  • Estimated price does not update when switching between books in the Collection panel.
  • Postscript Type 1 Fonts do not appear in the Font menu within the Book module.
  • Filenames can now be used as auto text captions within the Book module.
  • Fonts such as Courier New and Times were not displaying properly on books exported as PDF files.
  • The Adjustment Brush pin would not properly accept negative values.
  • Clarity adds grey tinting to 100% white tones.
  • Creating a soft proof does not add a line item to the History Panel.
  • Altitude will now be populated on geotagged photos.
  • Unable to import RAW+JPEG files directly from Canon 5D, Canon 5D Mark II, Nikon D700, Nikon D90, and Sony NEX5 cameras when connected through USB.
  • Unable to import both RAW + JPEG files when using the built-in SD card reader on Macbook laptops.
  • Lightroom 4 and ACR 6.7 could render files differently.

The following issues were fixed in Lightroom 4.1 release candidate 1 (March 29, 2012):

  • Point Curve adjustments made in Lightroom 3 and before have been restored.
  • Lightroom 4 did not properly open external applications when using the “Edit In” functionality.
  • Addressed performance issues in Lightroom 4, particularly when loading GPS track logs, using a secondary monitor, and the controls within the Develop module.
  • Ability to update DNG previews and metadata for more than 100 photos has been restored.
  • This update allows for improved viewing of subfolders and stacks in folders with a large number of photos.
  • It was possible that a layout of a saved book could be lost after quitting Lightroom 4.
  • Please provide feedback on your experience with the Lightroom 4.1 Release Candidate in our Feedback Portal.

New Camera Support in Lightroom 4.1 Release Candidates

  • Canon EOS 5D Mark III*
  • Canon EOS 60Da
  • Fuji FinePix F770EXR
  • Fuji FinePix F775EXR
  • Nikon D3200
  • Olympus OM-D E-5M
  • Panasonic Lumix DMC-GF5
  • Pentax K-01
  • RICOH LENS A16 24-85mm F3.5-5.5
  • Samsung NX20
  • Samsung NX210
  • Samsung NX1000
  • Sony Alpha NEX-VG20
  • Sony SLT-A57

*Support for the 5D Mark III was also included in the first Lightroom 4.1 Release Candidate

NOTE: The Lightroom and Camera Raw team is well aware of the new X-Pro1 camera from FUJIFILM.  We are currently developing raw support for the X-Pro1 and look forward to providing it as soon as support is complete.  Thanks for your patience on this topic.

Release Notes

  • Lightroom 4.1 RC2 now includes the ability to process HDR TIFF files.  (16, 24 or 32-bit TIFF files)  This can be quite useful if you have merged multiple exposures into a single 32-bit image using Photoshop’s HDR Pro.  Using the new basic panel controls can be a very effective and straightforward method of achieving an overall balance across the tonal range.
  • Additional Color Fringing corrections have been added to Lightroom 4.1 RC2.  Please see this blog post for additional details.

Thank You

A big thanks to everyone who submitted bug reports, posted entries in the U2U forums and blogged their issues so that we could improve the Lightroom 4 experience in this update.

New Color Fringe Correction Controls

One of the new enhancements to Lightroom 4.1 RC2 is the addition of new color fringe correction controls. What exactly is a color fringe correction? This blog post is intended to explain the problem and the solution we’ve provided in Lightroom 4.1.(For ACR customers it will also be included an upcoming version of ACR7 for Photoshop CS6, currently available as a public beta)

The content in this post has been written by Eric Chan, the developer primarily responsible for implementing the solution. (Photos have been attributed where requested.)


Red-green and blue-yellow fringes at the image periphery result from lateral chromatic aberration. This problem is relatively easy to fix, and ACR & LR already have tools to do so. On the other hand, purple and green fringes in out-of-focus areas and along high-contrast boundaries are much more problematic. These fringes result from axial chromatic aberration (wavelength-dependent focus shift), aberrations in sensor microlenses, and flare. In most cases, purple fringes appear in front of the plane of focus, and green fringes appear behind the plane of focus. The aberrations can happen anywhere in the image, not just the image periphery. Sometimes, they are so strong that they’re easily spotted in small previews, such as proxies and thumbnails (thus, not only visible at 100% pixel view!). Axial CA affects nearly all lenses, from inexpensive cell phone lenses to very expensive top-of-the-line lenses. It is particularly pronounced with fast lenses at wide apertures. Hence, an improved defringe control should appeal to photographers shooting portraits, events, weddings, sports, etc. — anytime that high-speed lenses are used.


Example 1: Backyard
The branches and leaves have very strong purple fringing, visible even in the small overview image.Overview, original: Screen Shot 2012 04 25 at 3 01 20 PMOverview, with defringe: Screen Shot 2012 04 25 at 3 01 29 PMCloseup, original: Screen Shot 2012 04 25 at 3 01 40 PMCloseup, with defringe: Screen Shot 2012 04 25 at 3 01 50 PM

Color Fringing Defined

Types of Fringing

  • Color fringing (usually visible on high-contrast edges in the image) can result from several physical phenomena:
    1. Lateral (transverse) chromatic aberration (red/green fringes, blue/yellow fringes),
    2. Axial (longitudinal) chromatic aberration (purple and green fringes),
    3. Flare due to lens-lens and sensor-lens reflections (ghost images), and
    4. Charge leakage in CCD sensors (thin purple fringes).
  • Adobe’s existing “Remove Chromatic Aberration” checkbox (introduced in Camera Raw 7.0 and Lightroom 4.0), and its predecessors (Profile-based “Chromatic Aberration” slider, and manual Chromatic Aberration sliders) handles issue #1 (lateral CA) only.
  • The previous Defringe popup menu (Off / Highlight Edges / All Edges) in Camera Raw 7.0 and Lightroom 4.0 handles issue #4 (CCD charge leakage) only.
  • Up till now, Adobe did not have solutions for problems #2 (axial CA) and #3 (flare).

Notes on Axial (Longitudinal) CA

The new Defringe controls are designed to fix axial (longitudinal) CA, color aberrations due to ghosting or flare, and color aberrations (thin fringes) due to charge leakage, which affects some CCD sensors.  Here’s some context on axial/longitudinal CA:

  • It can happen anywhere in the image (not just image borders).
  • It affects nearly all “fast” (wide aperture) lenses, typically most visible at the wider apertures (e.g., f/1.4 thru f/2.8).
  • Fringes become less visible as you stop down the lens (e.g., more visible at f/2, less visible at f/8).
  • Fringes are usually most visible just in front of or just behind the plane of focus.
  • Fringes typically appear purple/magenta when they’re in front of the plane of focus, and appear green when they’re behind the plane
  • of focus.
  • Even at the plane of focus, high-contrast edges (especially backlit) may show purple fringes due to flare.

How to use the new Defringe Controls

Slider Overview

There are 4 sliders:

  • Two amount sliders (Purple Amount, Green Amount). These are normal sliders.
  • Two hue sliders (Purple Hue, Green Hue). These are “split” sliders.

The two “Purple” controls are intended to be used to remove purple fringing (regardless of the cause).

The “Purple Amount” slider determines the strength of the purple fringe removal. The range is 0 to 20, with default 0 (which means disabled). Higher values mean stronger correction, but may also negatively impact colors of real purple objects in your image. Note that fringe removal is limited to the hue range defined by the Purple Hue slider (see below).The “Purple Hue” slider determines the range of hues removed. This control has two knobs, which determine the endpoints of the hue range.

  • Click-and-drag either knob to adjust one endpoint at a time.
  • Click-and-drag the central bar (the part of the slider between the two knobs) to move both endpoints at the same time.
  • Double-click a knob to reset its value to the default.
  • Double-click the central bar to reset both endpoints to the default.
  • The minimum spacing between the endpoints is 10 units. Hence, dragging the left knob too close to the right knob will cause the right knob to move automatically, to preserve the minimum spacing of 10 units.

The Green Amount and Green Hue sliders work similarly for green fringes. However, the default range for the Green Hue slider is 40 to 60 (narrower range) instead of 30 to 70. This is to help protect common green and yellow colors (e.g., foliage) by default.

These controls are best used when viewing an image closely (e.g., 100% or higher).

Option-Key Feedback (Visualization) for Global Controls

Alt/Option-key visualization is available for all 4 controls. I highly recommend using these visualizations to help set the slider values appropriately:

Option-key + click-and-drag on the Purple Amount slider to visualize purple fringe removal. The preview window shows only the affected areas of the image (all other areas will be shown as white). This lets you concentrate on the affected areas and verify that the purple fringe color gets removed.

Option-key + click-and-drag on the Purple Hue slider (either knob, or the central bar) to visualize the range of hues to be defringed. The preview window “blacks out” the affected hue range. Pay attention to the borders of the “blacked out” area and check if there are any residual purple/magenta colors.

Works similarly for the Green Amount and Green Hue sliders.

Description of Eyedropper Tool

The 4 global Defringe controls above are powerful, but new users may find them tricky to learn. For this reason, there is an “eyedropper”tool so that users can click directly on the image to help set the appropriate parameters.

Using the eyedropper for Defringe is similar to using the eyedropper to using the White Balance selection eyedropper: when you’re in the LensCorrections -> Color tab (so that the Defringe controls are visible), select the eyedropper and click on a fringe in the image.  It helps to be zoomed in (e.g., 200% or even 400%) to facilitate accurate color picking.
Clicking on a pixel will cause the Defringe system to perform a local analysis of the pixels in the neighborhood, resulting in one of the following 3 outcomes:

  • It determines that you clicked on a purple fringe, and it  automatically adjusts both the Purple Amount and Purple Hue  sliders.
  • It determines that you clicked on a green fringe, and it  automatically adjusts both the Green Amount and Green Hue sliders.
  • It determines that you clicked on an area that was too neutral or outside the supported color range (e.g., all white or gray area or an orange color) and reports an error message.

While moving the eyedropper tool over the image, you will see the eyedropper icon change to purple or green and the Purple Hue or Green Hue slider highlighting.  This shows approximately what hue you’re currently targeting, and which of the two fringe colors (purple or green) would be adjusted if you were to click.

Press ESC or Return/Enter to dismiss the eyedropper sampling window once you have done with the selecting the purple and green fringe colors.

Description of Local Defringe Control

The global Defringe control is sufficient in many cases, but sometimeslocal refinement is required. One reason is the need to “protect”certain scene colors (prevent them from being defringed). Another reason is to help suppress some minor residual fringing in aparticular area. For these reasons, Defringe is also available as a local adjustment.

  • Available as a brush or gradient (as with all our local adjustment channels).
  • Only available in PV 2012.
  • Standard range is -100 to +100, default 0.
  • Minus direction (towards -100) means “do not apply defringe to the affected area.” This is a way for the user to “protect” certain image areas from being incorrectly defringed. For    example, applying a strong purple fringe removal may indeed effectively remove those fringes, but it may also desaturate or otherwise (undesirably) alter edges of purple objects in your    picture. Painting with Defringe -100 over those areas will completely protect them and keep them at their original color.
  • Positive direction (towards +100) means “apply additional defringing to the affected area.” This is a way for the customer to fine-tune and take care of small problem areas.
  • For images that have only limited color fringe problems in a specific area, it may actually be easier (both faster and safer) to use the local Defringe control.
  • Note that local +Defringe will remove fringes of all colors (not just purple and green) and hence is independent of the global Purple Hue and Green Hue settings.
  • The maximum strength of local +Defringe is limited (not nearly as strong as global defringe), so for extreme cases you will need to use the global Defringe instead. (In general, I       recommend using global Defringe first anyways, then following up local Defringe if needed.)

Suggested Workflow

1. Do overall color and tone corrections first (e.g., Basic panel, Tone Curve panel, etc.).
2. Turn on profile-based lens corrections (for distortion and vignetting), if needed.
3. Turn on lateral CA correction (check the “Remove Chromatic Aberration” box), if needed.
4. Apply global Defringe, if needed.
5. Apply local Defringe, if needed.

Additional Examples

Example 2: Cake 
I focused in the middle of the letters on the cake. The letters in front have purple fringes (“Meghna”), and the letters in back have green fringes (“Happy”), with some alternating green-magenta bands. These are typical symptoms of axial chromatic aberration. With the new defringe filter, the purple and green fringes are largely reduced. Note that this is not a straightforward desaturation (which would turn the letters and cake gray).

Overview of image: Screen Shot 2012 04 25 at 2 49 03 PM

Closeup, original: Screen Shot 2012 04 25 at 2 49 16 PM
Closeup, with defringe: Screen Shot 2012 04 25 at 2 49 25 PM
Example 3: Champagne
Similar situation. The closeup shows mild purple fringing on the closer letters, and much stronger green fringing on the letters around the side of the bottle (just behind the plane of focus). Also, the circular out-of-focus highlights in the background have a green outline. These issues are largely reduced with the new defringe filter.
Overview, original (color fringing on bottle letters slightly visible even at this size): Screen Shot 2012 04 25 at 2 57 45 PMCloseup, original: Screen Shot 2012 04 25 at 2 57 54 PMCloseup, with defringe: Screen Shot 2012 04 25 at 2 58 08 PMCloseup #2, original: Screen Shot 2012 04 25 at 2 58 24 PMCloseup #2, with defringe: Screen Shot 2012 04 25 at 2 58 33 PM

Example 4: Water 
The water spray shows very strong green and purple fringes, even in the small overview image — yikes! The foreground elements (such as the railing) also show purple fringes, since they’re in front of the plane of focus.  Special thanks Stanislas Chevallier for providing our engineering team with this example and providing us with permission to post the image here.  His work can be found on Flickr:

Overview, original: Screen Shot 2012 04 25 at 3 03 48 PMOverview, with defringe: Screen Shot 2012 04 25 at 3 03 57 PMCloseup #1, original: Screen Shot 2012 04 25 at 3 04 06 PMCloseup #1, with defringe:

Screen Shot 2012 04 25 at 3 04 14 PM

Closeup #2, original: Screen Shot 2012 04 25 at 3 04 23 PMCloseup #2, with defringe: Screen Shot 2012 04 25 at 3 04 30 PMExample 5: Boy
There is visible purple fringing on his hat and shirt. He may have the blues, but he shouldn’t have the purples. 😉 There is also green fringing on the highlights of the car in the background.Overview, original: Screen Shot 2012 04 25 at 3 16 35 PM
Closeup, original: Screen Shot 2012 04 25 at 3 16 43 PMCloseup, with defringe: Screen Shot 2012 04 25 at 3 16 52 PMCloseup #2, original: Screen Shot 2012 04 25 at 3 17 02 PMCloseup #2, with defringe: Screen Shot 2012 04 25 at 3 17 12 PM


Updating Develop Presets for Lightroom 4

If you’ve upgraded to Adobe Photoshop Lightroom 4 from previous versions of Lightroom, you may have noticed that some of your Develop Presets might create a different look in LR4 than you saw in LR3.  We revamped our image processing algorithm in Lightroom 4.  In particular, presets that include adjustments to any of the following attributes will likely give you different results in LR4:

  • Exposure
  • Brightness
  • Contrast
  • Fill Light
  • Highlight Recovery
  • Black Clipping
  • Clarity
  • Tone Curve

Before you begin, we recommend making a back-up of your existing Develop Presets.  The easiest way to do so is by going to Preferences > Presets > Location and clicking the “Show Lightroom Presets Folder.”  Make a copy of this folder in Windows Explorer (Windows) or Finder (Mac) and save it someplace safe.

For user-created PRE-Lr4 Develop Presets that contain settings for any of the attributes listed above, the easiest way to insure that the look and intent of the Develop Preset is maintained is by saving them with their Process Version included.

  1. Select an image and go to the Develop Module in Lightroom 4.
  2. Set the Process Version to 2010.  This is in the Camera Calibration panel on the lower right hand side.
  3. Select the appropriate Develop Preset created in Lightroom 3 or earlier
  4. Select the “+” button in the Preset Panel.  This allows you to save the current settings as a new Preset.  Make sure that the “Process Version” checkbox is checked.
  5. Hit the Save button.  We recommend creating a specific folder for Lightroom 3 presets that you update in this fashion.
  6. Now your LR3 preset will create the same results in Lightroom 4.

You can also recreate your Develop Presets in order to take full advantage of PV2012, the revamped image processing algorithm in Lightroom 4.  You can do this by:

  1. Select an image and go into the Develop Module in Lightroom 4
  2. Select the appropriate Develop Preset created in Lightroom 3 or earlier.
  3. Set the Process Version to 2012. This is in the Camera Calibration panel on the lower right hand
  4. Review the image and make adjustments until the image meets your visual expectation for the Preset.  Please note that some images might require significant tweaking at this step.
  5. Save the Preset with a new name.