Here’s a quick tip that doesn’t seem to be covered in the administrator’s guide for AIR, although it likely should be: You can control how revocation checks are performed during silent installs via the -revocationCheck flag.
When digital signatures are validated, one step in the process involves checking to see if the certificate used to sign has been revoked. This is how certification authorities defend against stolen certificates: they revoke stolen certificates by publishing them in a revocation list; software that validates signatures then checks those lists.
Revocation lists are published to web servers at URLs embedded in the certificates themselves. In order to check the lists, they need to be downloaded. This gives rise to a number of potential questions, like what to do when you are offline and can’t download the latest version. One needs to make a policy decision to answer such questions.
The -revocationCheck flag accepts four values, one for each supported policy:
- never Don’t check the list, period. No network requests will be issued. (More on this below.)
- bestEffort Look for a revocation list, but if something goes wrong other than the certificate being revoked, proceed on the assumption that everything is ok.
- requiredIfInfoAvailable Assuming you can fetch the revocation list, then fail if any later errors occur. But if you can’t download the list at all, proceed as for bestEffort.
- alwaysRequired If the revocation list can’t be checked without error, don’t proceed.
AIR defaults to “bestEffort”. That’s typically a reasonable choice, and it has the advantage of working both online and offline. But it does mean that for most installations, the AIR installer will at least attempt to issue a network request to download the list. (Lists are also cached, so you won’t always see the request, however.)
Now, there’s one particular case where ”never” is a handy setting: Silent installation behind an HTTP proxy that requires authentication. In this situation, so long as AIR issues a network request, the OS will typically pop up a proxy authentication dialog, which of course halts the installation flow and requires manual intervention. To work around it, simply add “-revocationCheck never” to your command line arguments.