Setting the Scene
We are told very early on in our photographic careers that the background of any shot is as important as the subject itself. It sounds odd of course, as we want people to look at the subject rather than what is behind it. However, like many of the rules and laws we are taught when we begin anything, it takes time and a good dose of experience before we really understand them. The danger is that during this in-between time, we often forget about the rules completely. So, this is a little reminder about the importance of finding a good background.
At the forefront of the mind of most photographers is the principle that a good background should not distract from the subject. We all know to look out for lamp posts growing out of heads, but if you have to work to avoid that sort of problem, you have chosen the subject without thinking enough about the background.
Shoot the background first
If you reverse your thinking for a while you might be able to imagine a situation in which you choose your background before your subject. I don’t just mean seeing somewhere and thinking, ‘That would make a great place to shoot a portrait,” but actually framing the background first and working out exactly what will be in and be out of the frame. After working with the elements and composition of the background area, we can then decide where the subject will be seen most clearly.
It can be useful to actually shoot the background on its own before the subject arrives in the scene to check how it looks. Does the background make an interesting scene even without the subject in it? If it does, you are on to a winner.
Think like a wedding photographer
The occasions when we are most likely to work this hard on a background are when we are shooting the formal pictures of the happy couple at a wedding. We often scout the venue beforehand to find the corners of the locations where we get the best light, the prettiest images, and so on. The technique works for all types of photography, from portraiture, to street photography to sports. Any type of image will be better if the photographer has spent time studying, working and arranging the background beforehand.
In street photography you can frame and shoot the background to practice and then wait for the right subject to walk in to the scene. In portraiture you can find a background without distractions that has a neat and clean space in which to place your subject. In sport you find the spot where the subject will look cool when he or she runs into it or passes by. Sure, it’s important to get the subject sharp, well-lit and nicely exposed, but if the background doesn’t enhance the subject, you aren’t creating the best picture you can.