Creative Dialogue

October 11, 2016 /攝影 /攝影技巧 /

給旅客的手機拍攝貼士

人們說最好的相機就是你隨身的相機,旅行時最常伴在身旁的就是你的智能手機。一個智能手機的相機可以很簡單:一個相機配以一個定焦鏡頭。當人們將出色的相機配置於手機的時候,它們也有其局限,所以當你以之進行拍攝時,也可能是一項有趣的挑戰。

這裡有一些給初學者關於使用智能手機進行旅行拍攝的貼士

1. 預先找出你的對焦點

您可能會發覺你必須重拍你打算拍攝的幾個鏡頭,尤其是當你正在拍攝一個預先計劃的行為(例如:某人跳起的鏡頭、煙花燃放或水的四濺)。找出一點來進行對焦,並在拍攝前鎖定對焦點可解決這問題。不用在拍攝時再慢慢對焦,就可以及時拍好,照片會在一瞬間完成,而且結果很美。

Audi photography tips

2. 模糊出來

基於手機的感光元件很細小,要拍攝出淺的景深會很困難,但並非不可能。將你的拍攝對象保持在手機的最短對焦距離上,這樣當你向它對焦時,你就會看到主體與那模糊的背景分開。

smartphone photography

又或者,如果你將一些物件放置得非常貼近你的手機,然後對焦到位於背景上的物件的話,你就可以令前景變得模糊,正如下圖所示。

mobilephone photography

3. 對於大型相機不可進入的地方

運用智能手機拍攝的一大優點是它能夠進入非常細小的空間中,有時拍攝空間會小得不可讓稍大的相機進入。因此,利用體積的優點就可以看到一些十分有趣的景致。以下這張相片是我在一卷金屬架內用手機拍攝的,而我的相機根本就無法進內拍攝。

mobilephone photography advantage

4. 接近被攝者

有些人在大型相機面前會特別敏感,所以智能手機在這時候顯得特別有用。通常被攝者不會留意到被人用手機拍攝,這樣你就能拍出最真實的一面。

taking candid photography with mobilephone

5. 使用手動模式

用手機來拍攝的目的當然就是要求簡便了,但當你擁有額外的選項,你也許能從中獲益!很多新的智能手機都讓你手動控制快門速度和 ISO 值(但大多數手機的光圈都是固定的)。利用好這些操作,你就可能拍出以往需要高級便攜相機才能拍出的照片。

這些相片是透過比自動模式所容許更長的曝光時間,從而捕捉光軌而成的。為了確保拍攝下列第一張相片時手機穩定,我把手機貼住機艙窗口。而第二張相片則是由我運用一個手機用的小型腳架把手機穩定下來,並維持十秒的曝光拍攝出來的。

night photography mobilephonenight time smartphone photography

6. 相片後製

部分較先進的智能手機也能拍攝 RAW 格式的相片,讓你能善用手機感光元件的動態範圍。以往你需要先傳送RAW格式相片到桌上電腦再行處理它們,但現今的流動攝影應用程式已容許你運用手機以完成RAW格式的後製。當我常用的桌上應用程式推出流動手機版本時,我感非常高興。以下的相片是由 Adobe Photoshop Express 所處理。

AudiPhotography

以下是另一例子。你可以看見原始相片是如何平淡。只要稍為調較對比度、清晰度、自然飽和度,以及稍為去除雜訊,便能創造出更動人的相片。

AudiPhotography

(本文翻譯自 Creative Dialogue 網誌,原文請按此。)

關於作者:Auditya Venkatesh

Auditya Venkatesh

Auditya Venkatesh 為印度其中一位首屈一指的旅遊攝影師,並以印度班加羅爾為基地。以「Audi」所為人熟悉,他把對旅遊和攝影的熱誠轉化為一門專業,並經營 Audi Photography。

透過以下平台追蹤他以及了解更多他的作品
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攝影, 攝影技巧

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October 11, 2016 /摄影 /摄影技巧 /

用对技巧,手机摄影亦可完美呈现影像记录

印度摄影师Auditya Venkatesh倾情奉献的手机摄影技巧。

锁定焦点,定格永恒

落叶飘零、雨击水面、顽童嬉游、蝶舞花丛……面对这些动态之美按下快门,却总是收获一团模糊。这时,预先找出对焦点并在拍摄前锁定,即可轻松解决这个问题。

audi 摄影技巧

虚化构图,彰显意境

少年若识“图”滋味,欲说还休。 “以虚写实”一直是国人文化中的意趣,所以才会有“雾里看花、水中望月”的境界。摄影中,我们也可以用“虚化”的朦胧之美烘托主题以。虽然手机的感光元件很小,要拍摄出浅的景深比较困难,但是也绝非不可能。只需将拍摄对象保持在手机的最短对焦范围内,这样当你对焦时,就会看到泾渭分明的主体和虚化背景。

智能手机摄影

又或者,你可以将前景对象尽可能地贴近你的手机,然后对焦到后景上的对象,这样就可以令前景虚化,如下图所示:

手机摄影

勇于探索,以小博“大“

一花一世界,一叶一菩提。说出这句话的人,大抵明白“小”中所蕴藏的“大”美。相比于单反等体积较大的摄影器材,手机的“小”让它能够在空间狭窄的地方大展身手,窥探到专业设备无法捕捉的世界。以下这张照片就是手机在一卷金属架内拍摄的,所带来的美感和震撼同样令人击节赞叹。

 手机摄影的优势

近一点,发现最自然的流露

有些人在镜头前表现力惊人,但有些人则在大型相机面前略显僵硬。智能手机的微小体积不易被你的画中人发现,这样你就有更大机会捕捉摄影对象最真实的一面。

有些人在镜头前表现力惊人

善用科技,无限可能

现在很多手机都提供了手动控制快门速度和 ISO 值的功能(但大多数手机的光圈都是固定的)。利用好这些功能,你就可能拍出那些以往需要高级相机才能拍出的照片。

下面的照片是利用比自动模式更长的曝光时间而捕捉光轨而成。如想拍出雷击长空之景(第一张),你需要确保手机稳定,为此你可以将手机紧贴机舱窗口。如想拍出静谧之夜中的一线流光(第二张),则可以用一个小型手机三脚架固定手机,并维持十秒以上的曝光时间。

夜景拍摄手机

夜间拍摄的智能手机

后期处理,画龙点睛

后期是对拍摄时表达意境的进一步强化。现在部分较先进的手机已经可以拍摄 RAW 格式的照片,让你能充分利用感光元件的动态范围。而手机拍摄出来的RAW照片,可以用Adobe Lightroom 6和Photoshop处理。

Audi 摄影

以下是另一个例子。原始照片有些平淡无奇,你只需稍微调较对比度、清晰度和自然饱和度,并稍微地去除噪点,便能创造出更动人的相片。

Audi photography

有人在一朵花里嗅出了世界,有人则在一张照片里雕刻了永恒。这个十一,让我们用手机诉说世界之美!

摄影, 摄影技巧

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Mobile Photography Tips for Travellers

They say the best camera is the one you have with you, and more often than not while travelling, that’s your smartphone. A smartphone camera is as simple as it gets: one camera with a fixed focal length. While they’ve put great cameras in phones these days, they also have their limitations, so you might find shooting on them a challenge you’ll enjoy.

Here are a few travel photography tips for beginners that have helped me get more from my smartphone.

1. Find your focus

You may find that you have to redo the shot you wanted to take multiple times, especially when you’re shooting a planned action (eg: a shot of someone jumping, fireworks going off, a splash of water). Finding a point to focus on, and locking focus beforehand solves that issue. Instead of having to search for the focus and shooting the picture at the moment, the photo happens instantly and the results are beautiful.

Audi photography tips

2. Blur it out

Given the small sensors on phones, getting a shallow depth of field is hard but not impossible. Keep your subject at the minimum focusing distance of your phone, so when you focus on it you’ll see that nice blur that will separate your subject from the background.

smartphone photography

Alternately, if you have something very close to your phone and focus on a subject in the background, you’ll add the blur to the foreground, as you can see here.

mobilephone photography

 3. Where the bigger cameras can’t go

One of the bigger advantages with a smartphone is that it can fit in very tight spaces, where you wouldn’t usually be able to put your bigger cameras. So make use of the advantage that the size provides to see some very interesting perspectives. This was shot through a rolled up metal framework where my camera just wouldn’t have fit.

mobilephone photography advantage

4. Approaching people

Some people tend to get conscious around big cameras, and that’s where smartphones come in handy. It usually goes unnoticed and you end up getting some rather candid shots.

taking candid photography with mobilephone

5. Go Manual

The point of shooting on the phone is to obviously keep it simple, but when you have extra options, you might as well take advantage! A lot of newer smartphones let you control the shutter speed or ISO manually (though most phones have fixed apertures). By using these options you can sometimes take images that would previously have been possible only with a more advanced compact camera.

These images were made by keeping the shutter open for longer than the auto option would allow, thereby capturing trails of light. To keep the phone steady for the first image I held it up against the airplane window, which did the trick. For the second image I also had a little tripod that I used with the phone to keep it steady for the 10 second exposure.

night photography mobilephone   night time smartphone photography

6. Image processing.

Some of the more advanced smartphones also shoot RAW images and let you take advantage of the dynamic range of the sensor. Previously you had to move them to your computer to process them, but now there are mobile photography apps to do this on the phone! I for one was glad when the apps that I used on my computers were also available on mobile. The following image was processed on Adobe Photoshop Express.

AudiPhotography

Here is another example. You can see how flat the raw image looks. A few tweaks to the contrast, clarity, vibrance, and also a little de-noising, creates a much more appealing image.

AudiPhotography

About the Author: Auditya Venkatesh

Auditya Venkatesh

Auditya Venkatesh, is one of India’s leading travel photographers and is based in Bangalore, India. Popularly known as Audi, he turned his passion for travel and photography into a profession and runs Audi Photography.

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Photography, Tips & Tricks

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