September 6, 2011
Every image stores various amounts of metadata. For example, there is EXIF metadata, which describes the camera and lens that captured the image, as well as f-stop, shutter speed and a plethora of additional information about how the image was captured. In addition, images can also contain custom metadata information (such as that defined by IPTC) including the copyright, contact information, rights usage and so on.
Typically photographers want this metadata to travel with their files, but every once in a while I am asked how to remove the extraneous metadata when exporting a file to be delivered to a client. To remove all metadata in an image (including camera settings, ratings, develop setting, etc.) except the Copyright Notice and Copyright Status upon export, check the box next to “Minimize Embedded Metadata” in the Export dialog.
Note: The develop settings will still be applied to the image on export so the image will look as you intended, but the settings will not be embedded in the file.
If you need to selectively strip metadata from exported images, check out Jeffrey Friedl’s Metadata Wrangler.
And, if you want to see even more metadata than lightroom displays, check out Jeffrey Friedl’s Metadata Viewer.
August 17, 2011
In the Edit Metadata Presets dialog, a blank metadata field with a “check” in the right-hand column will overwrite (eliminate) existing data in that field when the metadata preset is applied. I find this feature useful when I need to remove all of the metadata that I have previously applied to images so that I can start a demonstration with a “clean” set of photographs.
August 16, 2011
If you have forgotten to apply a metadata template when importing images into Lightroom, you can always apply it in the Library Module. To do so, select the images in the Grid view (in the Library module), and choose the desired template from the Preset drop down in the Metadata panel.
This is not only a good wayto add a “forgotten” metadata template but also to assign a more image-specific template to a subset of images. For example, you may have slightly different templates to apply different “Image Usage Rights” or other information to a subset of images.
August 3, 2011
In Lightroom 3 we added a ‘’light switch’’ to the Sync button in the Develop module. Turning the switch ‘’on’’ switches to Auto Sync mode which will apply any adjustment to all of the images selected not just the one you’re viewing. (This option is also available for the Metadata Sync button in the Library.)
June 3, 2011
In the Metadata panel, clicking on the word “Caption” (or Title, Copyright etc) will reveal recently applied captions/titles etc. Quickly apply them by selecting them from the list.
June 2, 2011
There are certain times when you might want to change the capture time for an image. For example you change time zones when traveling and forget to reset the time on the camera, or maybe multiple cameras are used to photographed an event, only one camera was incorrectly set (making the Sort by Capture Time difficult as the images appear out of order due to the incorrect time stamp on that camera’s images). In order to correct the time, select the images from that camera (don’t forget you can easily filter on the metadata/serial number of the camera to quickly find all of the images), and choose Metadata > Edit Capture Time. Choose to adjust to a specific time (for example, if the time needs to be set 8 minutes forward) enter the correct time and all of the images will be shifted appropriately. If you changed time zones, then choose to Shift by a Set Number of Hours.
In addition, there is a preference that goes along with it that many photographers aren’t aware of. If you choose Catalog Settings > Metadata you can choose to Write date or time changes into proprietary raw files. This is the only occasion when Lightroom will actually write changes to the proprietary file (.nef or .crw for example).
May 19, 2011
Lightroom can interpret and apply changes made to photos in Bridge/Adobe Camera Raw/Photoshop (such as the addition of metadata and/or any changes made to color/tone/etc.) and vice versa. In order for this to go smoothly, in Bridge make sure that the Camera Raw Preferences (under the Bridge menu on Mac, the Edit menu on Windows) are set to: Save image settings in: Sidecar “.xmp” files (not the Camera Raw database).
When these “changed/corrected” files are imported into Lightroom, you will not see the changes in the Import dialog box but Lightroom will read the .xmp sidecar file while importing and show you the changes/corrections made to the file in the Grid view. Note: if you are working with the DNG file format, you will see the changes/corrections made to the images in Bridge/Adobe Camera Raw/Photoshop in the Import dialog box.
If you make changes/corrections to images in Bridge/Adobe Camera Raw/Photoshop to files that have already been imported into Lightroom, Lightroom will NOT automatically update the metadata. Instead, a small icon will appear in the upper right corner of the photo cell (in the Grid View in the Library module) warning that the file has changed outside of the application. To update the file either click on the icon and choose “Import Settings from Disk” or select the photo(s) and choose Metadata > Read Metadata from File. Note: sometimes it can take a few moments for the warning icon to appear so if I know that I want Lightroom to read the changes, I simply click Metadata > Read Metadata from File.
April 15, 2011
Option (Mac) / Alt (Win) -click the GPS Map Location arrow in the Metadata panel in Lightroom to go to Yahoo (instead of the default – Google).
April 14, 2011
Adding a “Description” in Photoshop’s File Info is the same as adding a “Caption” in Lightroom’s Metadata panel.
April 12, 2011
It can be much easier/faster to create a keyword list using a simple text editor. These lists can be easily imported into Lightroom using Metadata > Import Keywords. If you want to create a hierarchical list, simply use tabs to designate the primary (parent) and secondary (child) category. For example:
(tab) represents a “tab” because I couldn’t figure out how to have WordPress keep the formatting – sorry!)
(tab) Los Angeles
(tab)(tab) Beverly HIlls
(tab)(tab) The Getty
(tab) San Francisco
(tab)(tab) Palace of Fine Arts
(tab)(tab) Golden Gate Bridge
Likewise you can export (Keywords Metadata > Export Keywords) to share with different machines/peers. If you have keywords that you want to import from Bridge, use the drop down menu on the Keywords panel to select Export (in Bridge), then return to Lightroom and choose Metadata Import Keywords navigate to and select the exported file from Bridge.
April 11, 2011
If you find that you’re using the same keywords over and over again, use the Keyword Set drop down menu (on the Keywording panel) to create a keyword set of your desired keywords. Note: by default the “Keyword Set” lists “Recent Keywords” – use the drop down menu to edit (create) your own set and select it).
You might be asking, why don’t I just use the Recent Keywords option, right? I mean it would show what I have recently used. However:
1) The keywords that I define and save as a set are always listed in the same order (making them easy to find) and they are always available. Try adding keywords to a set that you don’t use often and therefore wouldn’t appear in the Keyword Suggestions list.
2) With an extended keyboard, Option (Mac) / Alt (Win) + 1-9 applies keywords from a set.
3) I often find the Recent Keyword list to be very similar to Lightroom’s auto generated Keyword Suggestions listed above so if I want recent Keywords I will probably be able to find them there.
April 7, 2011
Command (Mac) / Control (Win) + right arrow moves to the next image while keeping the keyword field highlighted (this also works for captioning).
April 6, 2011
While I love the ability to start typing in a keyword and have Lightroom complete it for me, not everyone seems to be of the same opinion. To turn off the “Auto Complete” keyword suggestions, select Catalog Settings > Metadata and uncheck the option “Offer suggestions from recently entered values”. Note that you can also Clear All Suggestions List at any time.
February 10, 2011
In Lightroom you can create as many different Color Label sets as needed for different photo shoots (Metadata > Color Label Set). However you should know that as you change sets, images marked with labels from other sets will appear white.
To find images with labels from other sets, use the Metadata option in the Filter bar (in the grid view in the Library module) to quickly search on different labels applied to images from different sets. You can also see what Label is applied to each image in the Metadata panel.
One word of caution, if you wish to maintain compatibility with labels in Adobe Bridge use the same names in each application.
February 9, 2011
Use the numeric keys 6-9 to apply color labels.